Pancreatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. In this disease, pancreatic enzymes damage the tissues of the pancreas itself. Acute pancreatitis requires urgent treatment, and chronic pancreatitis requires regular maintenance therapy. The leading link in the list of such measures is a therapeutic diet. Its main goal is to prevent excessive production of pancreatic enzymes by reducing mechanical and chemical effects on the digestive organs.
General rules of nutrition
The success of a therapeutic diet depends not only on choosing the right diet, but also on observing simple rules:
- Avoiding overeating. In a healing diet it is important to eat well, but at the same time not to overflow the stomach;
- fractional meals (5-6 times a day). It's important to eat evenly and follow a clear schedule. In no case should you starve all day and eat large portions at once. Nutrition must be divided into small parts so that the body absorbs food better and the patient feels full throughout the day.
- Exclusion of too cold or warm dishes. Cooked food should be slightly warmer than room temperature;
- Cooking in a certain way. With pancreatitis, solid foods and dishes with a fried crust are excluded. It is better to give preference to grated or well-boiled foods, as well as liquid and jelly-like foods. Also, eat boiled, baked, or steamed foods instead of fried foods.
What to avoid
The prohibited foods in pancreatitis include those that are heavy and long-digesting, and are also strong irritants to the digestive tract and, accordingly, to the pancreas:
- rich meat, fish and mushroom broths and soups;
- smoked sausages and smoked products in general;
- preserves and marinades;
- fresh pastries and bread;
- spinach, sorrel, garlic, radish, radish;
- Raw vegetables;
- vinegar, mustard, pepper;
- hot and spicy sauces and condiments;
- Alcohol, strong tea and coffee.
Such a list is generalized and can be expanded based on the characteristics of the body, the course of the disease, the form of pancreatitis (acute or chronic in remission), as well as the age and nutritional status of the patient.
What to eat is recommended
Despite the fact that the therapeutic diet for pancreatitis contains a large number of prohibitions, the diet of allowed foods is very diverse:
- Low-fat meats and poultry while being cleaned of skin and tendons before use. It is recommended to cook quenelles, cutlets and mashed potatoes, occasionally low-fat poultry is allowed in a small piece;
- lean fish. Boiled, steamed, in the form of chops and soufflé;
- Dried bread made from quality flour, unbaked biscuits;
- vegetarian broths and soups with mashed vegetables, mashed vegetable soups, soups with boiled grains (semolina, rice, Hercules) or finely chopped vegetables (potatoes, pumpkin, carrots);
- acid-free low-fat quark and curd dishes (soufflés, puddings, steam cakes, etc. ), milk - only as a component of ready meals, low-fat sour milk drinks;
- Steam or baked protein omelet, yolk consumption is allowed - no more than 1 pc. during the day;
- Cereals with milk and water, some cereals (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal and oatmeal), boiled vermicelli are allowed;
- only ready-made vegetables (stewed, boiled or baked): potatoes, cauliflower, beets and carrots;
- ripe fruits in baked, boiled form, as well as in kissels, mousses and jelly;
- weak tea with lemon, juices from sweet fruits and berries, rosehip decoction.